The text and photographs on this page are copyright by Manish Gangwar and Pradeep Bose. Manish Gangwar is a Ph.D. student in the Department of Sociology at Barkatulla University, Bhopal, India. Pradeep Bose is the Director of the Aaspur Rural Development Project, District of Dungarpur, PKP, Raj., India.
Baker D., (1991) "Colonial Beginnings and the Indian Response: The Revolt of 1857-58 in Madhya Pradesh." Modern Asian Studies, 25, 3, July, pp. 511-543.
Bandhu D. and Garg, R. K., (1986) Social Forestry and Tribal Development. New Delhi: Indian Environmental Society.
Bavikatte K. and Jonas, H., (2009) Bio-cultural Community Protocol of Baigas as Ethnic Healers from Mehadwani. United Nations Environment Program.
Bose N. K., (1971) Tribal Life in India. New Delhi: National Book Trust.
Bose P., (2000) Development Profile of Mahakaushal Region of Madhya Pradesh. Bhopal: Samarthan NGO Publication.
Bose P., (2002) "Livelihood Profiles of Poor." The Madhya Pradesh Human Development Report. Planning Commission, Government of India Publication.
Bose P., (2004) Garibi unmulan hetu samudai sangathan. (Translated as: "Poverty Alleviation through Community Organization") Bhopal: Aarambh NGO Publication.
Brookfield H. and Padoch C., (1994) "Appreciating Agrodiversity: A Look at the Dynamism and Diversity of Indigenous Farming Practices." Environment, 36, 5, pp. 6-11, 37-45.
Chakma T., Meshram, P. K., Rao, P. V., Singh, S. B. and Kavishwar A., (2009) "Nutritional Status of Baiga — A Primitive Tribe of Madhya Pradesh." Anthropologist, 11, 1, pp. 39-43.
Chambers R. and Conway G., (1992) "Sustainable Rural Livelihoods: Practical Concepts for the 21st Century." Institute of Development Studies Discussion Papers, Paper 296, Institute of Development Studies, Brighton, UK.
Chaudhary, N. C., (1965) The Continent of Circe. Mumbai: Jaico Publishing House.
Gadgil M. and Guha R., (1993) This Fissured Land: An Ecological History of India. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Gadgil M. and Guha R., (1995) Ecology and Equity: The Use And Abuse of Nature in Contemporary India. London: Routledge.
Grigson W. V., (1940) Notes on the Aboriginal Problem in the Mandla District. Nagpur: Govt. Print., Central Provinces and Berar.
Guha R., (ed.) (1994) Social Ecology: Volume I. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.
Guha R., (ed.) (1995) Social Ecology: Volume II. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.
Inkeles A., (2001) Measuring Social Capital and its Consequences. The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Press.
Kumar S., Ravuri R. R., Koneru P., Urade B. P., Sarkar B. N., Chandrasekar, A. and Rao V. R., (2009) "Reconstructing Indian-Australian Phylogenetic Link." BMC Evolutionary Biology, 9(1):173.
Lin, N., (1999) "Building a Network Theory of Social Capital." Paper presented at the Twenty-first International Sunbelt Social Network Conference. Charleston, SC, February 18-21, 1999.
Mahapatro P. C., (1987) Economic Development of Tribal India. New Delhi: Ashish Publishing House.
Majumdar D. N., and T, N., (1944) An Introduction to Social Anthropology. New Delhi: Asia Publishing House.
Mann R. S., (1993) Culture and Integration of Indian Tribes. New Delhi: M. D. Publications Pvt. Ltd.
McEldowney P. F., (1980) Colonial Administration and Social Developments in Middle India: The Central Provinces, 1861-1921. Ph.D. Dissertation, Corcoran Department of History, University of Virginia.
Menon G., (1987) "Tribal Women: Victims of Development Process." Social Action, 37, 4, October-December, pp. 373-390.
Mohanty P. K., (2002) Development of Primitive Tribal Groups in India. New Delhi: Kalpaz Publications.
Munn P., (2000) "Can Schools Make Scotland A More Inclusive Society?" Scottish Affairs, 33, pp. 116-131.
Nag D. D., (1958) Baiga Economy of Madhya Pradesh. Calcutta: M. K. Publications.
Polanyi K., (1944) The Great Transformation. New York: Farrar & Rinehart, Inc.
Polanyi K., (1977) (H. W. Pearson, Ed.) The Livelihood of Man. New York: Academic Press, Inc.
Raizada A., (1984) Tribal Development in Madhya Pradesh: A Planning Perspective. New Delhi: Inter-India Publications.
Rankin K. N., (2002) "Social Capital, Microfinance, And the Politics of Development." Feminist Economics, 8, 1, March, pp. 1-24.
Rath G. C., (2006) Tribal Development in India: The Contemporary Debate. New Delhi: Sage Publications Pvt. Ltd.
Russell R. V., (Assisted by Rai Bahadur Hira Lal) (1916) The Tribes and Castes of the Central Provinces of India. London: Macmillan and Co. Limited.
Tiwari S. K., (1995) Tribal Situation and Development in Central India. New Delhi: M. D. Publications Pvt. Ltd.
Tiwari S. K., (1997) Baigas of Central India: Habitat and Culture of a Primitive Tribe. New Delhi: Anmol Publications.
Verma M. M., (1996) Tribal Development in India: Programmes and Perspectives. New Delhi: Mittal Publications.
Verrier E., (1939) The Baiga. London: John Murray.
Verrier E., (1943) The Aboriginals. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.
Xaxa V., (1999) "Transformation of Tribes in India: Terms of Discourse." Economic and Political Weekly, 34, 24, June, 12-18, pp. 1519-1524.
Photography and text © 2012, Manish Gangwar and Pradeep Bose. All rights reserved.
Gangwar, M., and Bose, P. (2012), "A Sociological Study of the Livelihoods of the Baigas in Baiga-Chak Belt of Dindori, India." The Peoples of the World Foundation. Retrieved
September 20, 2020,
from The Peoples of the World Foundation.